6 Common Skin Problems and Solutions
1. Dry Skin
Dry skin can be a huge nuisance, especially in the winter months. It is itchy, uncomfortable-feeling, and can give the skin an ashy appearance. Unfortunately, not all lotions are equally effective for treating dry skin. The most effective way to hydrate your skin is to use a rich moisturizer all over your body immediately after every time you bathe. Look for ingredients like beeswax, mineral oil, paraffin, dimethicone, and plant oils. These ingredients, known as occlusives, help trap moisture in your skin. Some other helpful ingredients to look for are lactic acid, glycerin, hyaluronic acid, urea, and sorbitol. These ingredients are humectants, meaning they help draw up water molecules from the bottom layer of your skin up to the dehydrated top layer.
Sunburn can be very painful, depending on its severity. It’s also completely preventable, yet so many people suffer from sunburns every summer. Of course, the best course of action is to keep sunburn from happening in the first place. Wear a sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30 whenever you’re going out in the sun for more than a few minutes. If you already have a sunburn, there are steps you can take to relieve it. Apply aloe vera gel, black tea, or diluted white vinegar to the sunburn to relieve discomfort. Drink extra water and avoid hot showers until it heals.
Acne is caused by a bacterial infection inside the pores of the skin. These bacteria feed off of dirt and oil that accumulate on your skin. Therefore, an effective acne treatment plan works via two pathways: Killing the bacteria and removing the dirt and oil that they feed off of. Skincare ingredients like benzoyl peroxide and tea tree oil will help eliminate the bacteria. To keep your skin free of dirt and oil, wash your face twice daily with a gentle cleanser, exfoliate a couple times per week, and use a product that contains salicylic acid. If these steps don’t cure your acne, see a doctor or dermatologist.
Chafing is when the skin becomes irritated by too much friction and rubbing. Chafed skin often appears red and can feel tender or stinging to the touch. Chafing is especially common for women, on the inner thigh area. This usually happens when wearing a skirt or dress and walking around all day. This can be solved by simply wearing shorts underneath skirts and dresses. You can also apply baby powder, stick deodorant, or a specialized anti-chafing product to any skin that is prone to chafing.
5. Fungal Infections
Human skin is sometimes prone to being infected by microscopic fungi. This is especially common for skin that stays moist all day. This is why athlete’s foot is the most common skin fungal infection; when sweating feet stay moist inside socks and shoes all day, it is the perfect breeding ground for fungi. However, it can occur on other places of the body as well, frequently causing severe itching. Fungal infections are easy to treat by keeping the area well-ventilated and applying an anti-fungal cream or other anti-fungal ingredients like tea tree oil. If a fungal infection won’t go away, see your doctor.
Rosacea is a condition characterized by redness in the face that, if left untreated, can develop to involve visible blood vessels, bumps, pimples, and other symptoms. This is a chronic condition, with most people who have it experiencing flare-ups and remissions throughout their life. There is currently no known cure for rosacea, but there are ways it can be reduced in severity. Treating the skin very gently, wearing sunscreen daily, and staying moisturized can make a difference. Some cases may require topical prescription medications, oral antibiotics, laser treatments, or a combination of the three.